This is the second part of the Compost Happens –BioBag Employee Sharpens The Saw. For those of you that missed part one, you can read it on the BioBag blog, BioBabble. I appreciated all the comments and hope someone learned a thing or two about Aerobic and Anaerobic composting, the bacteria involved in the process and the larger organisms that inhabit the piles. Even some BioBag employee’s saws were a little sharper from proofing and reading the previous newsletter.
With that all said, let’s jump into the continuation of Compost Happens. We will go over Compost Terminology, Benefits of Composting and What To Compost and What Not to Compost.
- Improves soil condition and structure
- Increases the soil’s ability to hold water
- Support leaving organisms
- Helps dissolves mineral forms of nutrients
- Buffers soil from chemical imbalances
- May provide biological control of certain pests
- Helps return organic materials to the soil and keep them out of landfills and waterways
Here are some simple composting terms:
- Composting: Controlled decomposition of organic materials
- Compost: Partially decomposed organic matter
- Humus: Completely decomposed organic matter
- Mulch: Organic or inorganic spread on soil surface
- Browns or the Carbon component in the composting process: Leaves, sawdust, wood chips
- Greens or the Nitrogen component in the composting process: Manure, food waste, spent flowers, nitrogen fertilizers, grass clippings
The Ideal Mixture of Brown to Green when composting is a ratio of 30:1 (30 Brown : 1 Green)
Now, depending on what method of composting you participate in will determine the material input that can be composted. Of course through industrial composting where machinery, technology, manpower and time are readily available, many more things can be composted including dog waste, meat and dairy products. These three items are not normally recommended for home composting.
This is a sample of items that should be A-OK for your home composting.
- Fruit and vegetables left overs (stalks, seeds, peels, skins)
- Breads, grains, rice, flour, cereal, pasta
- Yard trimmings, wood chips, plants, flowers, leaves, straw, hay
- Natural fibers (cotton, wool, linen)
- Hair (human and animal)
- Herbivore manure
- Coffee grounds and filters as well as tea leaves and bags (no staples)
- Newsprint, paper, cardboard, paper plates, cups and napkins
Looks like we will be continuing to at least a Part 3. I haven’t even scratched the surface of HOW to actually compost. Part 1, Part 2 and future “Parts” will all be archived on our Blog, BioBabble!
If you would like to take a composting class, check out your local county website. My class was put on for FREE by the Florida Cooperative Extensive Service of the University of Florida. There are classes just like this one across the U.S
|Free Composting and Irrigation stuff I got from the class.|
Scrap collection bucket, GeoBin composting system, Compost thermometer, vegetable garden watering system, rain gauge & water hose timer